How to Redirect a Domain to HTTPS Using a Virtual Host?


To secure the data transfer redirecting the HTTP traffic to the secured (HTTPS) version of your website. To encrypt the communication between client and server HTTPS uses TLS/SSL.


Apache web server installed, domain names configured through virtual hosts that specify the ServerName. and the SSL certificates for the domain.

Virtual Host Redirect to HTTPS

To point a domain to HTTPS you need to add the path of the SSL certificates in the virtual host configuration file and
Step1: Open the file to edit.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/

The default files look like:

    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example_zehncloudcom
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Step 2: Add the following code:

DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example_zehncloudcom
Redirect permanent /

# The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that
# the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating
# redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName
# specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to
# match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this
# value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.
# However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/example_zehncloudcom
SSLEngine On
# Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,
# error, crit, alert, emerg.
# It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular
# modules, e.g.
#LogLevel info ssl:warn
ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
# For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are
# enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to
# include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the
# following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only
# after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".
#Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf

With the port 80 for HTTP, we need to add another virtual host mapping to enable the service on port 443 (default SSL port). The virtual host mapping with the SSL i.e with port 443 requires SSL Certificate details.
The SSLCertificateFile points to the file with certificate data in PEM format.
The SSLCertificateKeyFile  This directive sets the all-in-one file where you can assemble the Certificates of Certification Authorities (CA) whose clients you deal with. These are used for Client Authentication.
The SSLCACertificateFile This directive points to the PEM-encoded private key file for the server. If the contained private key is encrypted, the passphrase dialog is forced at startup time.
Restart the Apache web server using the command

sudo service apache2 restart


If you followed the article, you will be able to point your domain to HTTPS.